For many advisers, the PROD regulations (‘Product Intervention and Governance Sourcebook’) introduced by the FCA with MiFID II have sneaked in under the radar. The regulations were introduced in January 2018 and to date many advisers are still unsure of their ability to evidence compliance with these new rules.
At Schroders, we recognise this challenge. To help advisers with their PROD compliance journey, we teamed up with financial services consultancy the lang cat to produce a guide titled ‘How to prod proof your business’. The guide is available to download from our website. It covers some of the highlights of PROD and busts five myths that surround it:
Myth #1: The regulation doesn’t apply to me
The regulator has, interestingly, classified advisers as ‘distributors’ for the purposes of PROD. We think this feels somewhat backward looking! The financial advisers I work with deliver financial planning. They don’t sell or distribute products. However, having been classified as distributors by the FCA means that compliance with the regulations is required.
Myth #2: It’s all about segmentation
The rules don’t specifically require financial advisers to segment their client bank but state that ‘distributors’ have to ‘identify the target market and their distribution strategy’. They must also ensure that financial instruments will be distributed in accordance with ‘the needs, characteristics and objectives of the target market’.
Whilst ‘segmentation’ isn’t mentioned in the regulations, it’s unlikely that clients all have the same requirements or that offering one set of services and a single investment solution will suffice. Applying some form of segmentation should therefore help when complying with the PROD rules. It might also help to understand the client bank better and develop a more efficient product and service mix.
Myth #3: The most popular method of segmentation is by client size
Whilst research indicates that this is largely true, it’s not necessarily the most appropriate method. Back in 2012 when the regulator stated that ‘where a firm has a diverse client base, it may wish to consider segmenting its clients‘, many advisers were simply segmenting by portfolio size and then applying different service propositions to each group. Often the services were the same; for example, meetings and reporting, but the key difference by segment was the frequency of delivery.
PROD has helped many advisers to reconsider this type of segmentation, with lifestage, for example, being a popular option. Advisers are often then developing ‘sub segments’ to help focus on clients’ needs, wants and attitudes. For example, if an adviser has a ‘later life’ segment then some clients may need to generate income. Some may want to pass on wealth. Some might require careful IHT planning, with power of attorney, wills and trusts being a priority.
The range of investment solutions also needs to be considered. Do clients want an active, passive or hybrid solution? Is there a focus on costs or do some clients want to put their money to good use and invest in sustainable solutions?
Myth #4: Documenting this is a challenge
Our step-by-step guide helps advisers to consider the documentation they should have in their business and suggests a simple framework for this. The golden rule is always ‘if it’s not written down, then it didn’t happen’, so why take a risk? The PROD documentation should simply sit alongside the documented platform due diligence and investment research processes.