Opinion  

There is hope in death taxes

Alison Steed

Alison Steed

The amount of inheritance tax (IHT) Britons are paying has hit record levels, with the taxman creaming a cool £5.2bn in 2017 to 2018 off the estates of those who died, up around 92 per cent since 2010 to 2011 when HM Revenue & Customs pulled in £2.7bn.

In the intervening years, there has even been a higher number of deaths due to the harsh winters, with an extra 43,900 people having died between 2014 and 2016, according to reports.

So the fact that IHT has reached record levels for the last tax year is perhaps even more surprising.

Article continues after advert

When you also take into account the additional allowance that enables parents to pass on their property to their offspring, the fact that it has reached record levels becomes even more astounding. 

By 2020 a couple will be able to pass up to £1m to their children free of IHT, as long as this figure includes the family home.

That said, the IHT nil-rate band has remained at £325,000 for nearly a decade, and that has helped to pull ever more people into the IHT net over the intervening years. 

The question is, when there are so many ways you can mitigate IHT legally, why are so many of us effectively ‘choosing’ to put so much of our hard-earned lifetime wealth into the hands of the Treasury after we die?

Death and money

Part of the problem at least comes from the fact that in IHT, two of the UK’s biggest taboos collide head-on: talking about death and talking about money. 

Death is an inevitable part of life, yet we are so reluctant to actually face up to this fact that we generally fail to plan how our worldly goods will be dealt with when we are gone.

For example, a survey from Which? Legal found that 61 per cent of us do not have a will – so nearly two-thirds of us have not prepared for something that is a certainty in life.

Even those who do have a will generally wait until they hit 47, on average, to put it in place, the survey found. This is proof, if any were needed, that we are reluctant to consider and plan for our ultimate demise. 

Some people are faced with their mortality if they have a condition that is likely to limit their life, or an incurable disease that will hasten their end, and in these cases, there is likely to be more inclination to think about what happens after you have left this mortal coil. You are confronted by it, so avoiding it becomes less of a possibility.

So, how do we encourage people to start confronting the uncomfortable fact of their own mortality when they are not facing a clock ticking towards their end? 

Well, the reality is that we all are, we just do not happen to know when that end will come. But who wants to think about that?