Some things just go well together – Lennon and McCartney, gin and tonic, toast and butter.
It is a similar situation with investment companies and illiquid assets. Ten years ago, the amount of money invested by investment companies in illiquid, alternative assets, including venture capital trusts, was £33bn.
That has more than doubled to £85bn today.
It’s not hard to understand the reasons behind this growth. Assets like infrastructure, property, specialist debt and renewable energy have been offering high levels of income in an era of ultra-low interest rates.
Investment companies’ closed-ended structure, where managers have a fixed pool of money and do not have to worry about inflows or redemptions, makes them a natural home for these types of assets, which can take months to buy and sell.
The growth of investment companies investing in illiquid assets does not show signs of slowing down yet either.
- Illiquid assets have become very popular in recent years
- Investment companies are suited to holding illiquid assets
- Open-ended companies suit illiquid assets less
The first half of 2019 saw all existing investment companies raise £4bn, the highest ever amount in a six-month period.
This was powered by alternative assets, with more than £1bn raised by investment companies investing in renewable energy infrastructure.
The second and third investment company sectors that raised most money were also alternatives, namely Property – UK Commercial, which raised £587m and Infrastructure, raising £291m.
However, the attraction between investment companies and illiquid assets is not just an income story. Investors are increasingly using the investment company structure to target illiquid growth opportunities too.
Data from Pantheon International shows that the number of North American and European listed companies in 2017 had decreased by 29 per cent since 2008, from 20,326 to 14,393.
The investment company industry has a well-established private equity sector, but against the backdrop of businesses choosing to stay private for longer and the number of public companies shrinking, more investment companies are turning their attention to unquoted companies to access growth opportunities.
This ranges from well-known companies like Scottish Mortgage, which can now allocate a portion of their portfolios to private companies, to new investment companies launching specifically to target unquoted opportunities.
The trend is clear looking at recent launches.
2018 saw the launch of Augmentum Fintech, investing in unquoted fintech companies; Merian Chrysalis, targeting later stage private companies across Europe; and Baillie Gifford US Growth, which can hold up to 50 per cent of its portfolio in unquoted companies.
The theme has continued this year too with the launch of Schiehallion to institutional investors, which will make minority investments in later-stage private companies globally.
To reflect this trend, in May the Association of Investment Companies launched a new Growth Capital sector. Separate from the existing Private Equity sector, Growth Capital is home to investment companies that generally take non-controlling stakes in unquoted companies with high growth potential.
So what are advisers meant to make of all this?
Well, investment companies can offer a way for clients to gain exposure to illiquid assets that would be hard to access elsewhere, either in pure form, or blended with mainstream equities.