Multi-asset funds have become a one-stop shop for advisers seeking to diversify their clients’ portfolios, but using these vehicles means grappling with a client’s attitude to risk.
But these attitudes can be shaped by a raft of factors, from their ability to contain losses, to their personal circumstances, future plans and much more.
So how is a client’s attitude to risk determined?
Thierry Michel, multi-asset portfolio manager at Tobam, says: “The client’s tolerance for risk is most often expressed in terms of capital losses.”
He adds: “It’s up to the portfolio manager to translate that into a unit they can work with, generally volatility, which remains the most useful metric available for allocation.”
Damian Barry, head of multi-asset multi-management for Mediolanum International Funds, says determining the right solution for each client involves an assessment of their attitude to risk based on a wide range of factors such as risk tolerance, fees, and financial circumstances.
Andrzej Pioch, multi-asset fund manager at Legal & General Investment Management, highlights that retail clients are often unfamiliar with concepts like standard deviation.
Standard deviation is a key barometer of risk in finance; the greater the standard deviation, the greater the risk.
- A client's attitude to risk can be shaped by many factors
- Tools exist to map a client's risk to the correct fund
- People's capacity to withstand losses can change
“Hence, advisers may need to take a step back and move away from directly discussing risk-return parameters with their clients,” Mr Pioch says.
He adds advisers may choose to work with independent risk-profilers, who provide them with a short questionnaire that they can use to assess clients’ attitude to risk on a particular scale.
Number one on the scale represents a low-risk appetite, while 10 shows a client’s inclination for the greatest amount of risk.
This is echoed by others. Scott Gallacher, a chartered financial planner at Rowley Turton Private Wealth Management, says he determines a client’s attitude to risk in two ways.
First through the completion of a FinaMetrica risk questionnaire, which assesses the client’s responses and puts the client into one of seven risk categories.
The second step entails discussing risk and in particular “peak to trough losses”, in cash terms based on the client’s proposed portfolio size.
Experts are divided on what the typical risk composition of a multi-asset fund should be.
Nick Watson, portfolio manager on the UK-based multi-asset team at Janus Henderson, highlights the majority of flows into the company’s Multi-Asset Income range tend to be of a more cautious nature.
“We have found that the majority of flows into our Multi-Asset Income range have been into clients seeking ‘moderately low to moderate’ or ‘moderate to moderately high’ levels of risk.”
To map this attitude to risk to one of the most commonly used risk profiling providers, Dynamic Planner, this translates to a rating of four or five on their one to 10 scale.
Mr Pioch says: “Different risk-profilers might segment clients differently, but if we think of portfolios that are designed to match their risk appetites we could, for example, label a portfolio of 100 per cent cash as 1, and a portfolio of 100 per cent equities as 10.”