Mike Fox believes that Covid-19 has done more for sustainable investing in four months than the last 10 years.
The last few months have turned the world upside down with Covid-19 leading to lockdowns unprecedented even in wartime. The social and financial costs are still unknown, but the impact has been staggering. Financial markets fell precipitously in March, only to recover some or all of their losses, buoyed by huge stimulus packages and an end to lockdowns.
Yet it would be a mistake to conclude that life will be back to normal for some time. And some things will never go back to how they were – there really will be a ‘new normal’, even when social distancing, facemasks and other measures are a distant memory. The pandemic will catalyse changes that were already happening, having a considerable impact on financial markets.
Sustainable investing had already experienced a remarkable surge into the mainstream in recent years. This had taken a bit of getting used to. I’ve spent much of my career on the margins of investment management, often unable to persuade investors of the merits of considering environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors.
This started to change around 2016, but the last four months have arguably seen more change than the previous decade. There are several forces at play here. It’s far too early to make grand pronouncements about the impact on society, but the existential threat posed by Covid-19 seems to have started a process of reflection about how we live. People seem more aware of their relationship to society and the environment, and expect governments to keep them safe. There is an increased awareness of some potential drawbacks of globalisation, particularly in extended supply chains.
Many companies that had focused on shareholders at the expense of their wider stakeholders – sweating financial, physical and human assets to increase their returns on capital – have struggled. Conversely, businesses that have a positive relationship with their customers, employees and other social and environmental stakeholders, as well as their shareholders, have been more resilient.
The strong performance of sustainable funds shouldn’t be a surprise. Sustainable investing is about identifying companies that provide solutions to global challenges, such as climate change and pandemics, rather than companies that exacerbate these problems. We also invest in companies that show ESG leadership in their sectors. This applies to both equity and credit in our sustainable multi asset funds.
Additionally, in sustainable equities, we favour companies with good long-term growth potential and strong balance sheets. Value creation and valuation are key factors in our investment process. It is understandable that companies that meet these criteria have done well in a period of profound societal challenge and economic distress.
Performance is about what you invest in and what you don’t. It’s an obvious point, but in the recent financial meltdown and recovery, certain sectors have stood out. In particular, the technology and healthcare sectors have performed well as remote working has become mandatory for many and authorities have sought a response to the virus.