Pandemic effects on DB transfers

This article is part of
Guide to advice during the pandemic

Pandemic effects on DB transfers

Thousands of people have jumped at the chance to transfer their defined benefit (DB) pension since the introduction of pension freedoms in 2015.

This has resulted in a range of unintended consequences over the years, including unsuitable advice and sky-high personal-indemnity insurance premiums for advisers.  

But things have gone quiet recently, since the coronavirus hit.

Data from XPS Pensions Group, published on 14 April, showed that the number of people opting to transfer out of their DB pension in March had dropped to a record low and that transfer values fell 3 per cent.

Commenting on the impact of the pandemic, Mark Barlow, partner at XPS Pensions Group says: “With such volatile markets, it is perhaps unsurprising that transfer activity has fallen, as members shy away from big financial decisions in the current climate.”

Scott Gallacher, director and financial planner at Rowley Turton also believes people may be more wary of DB transfers due to the pandemic, as he points out: “Stock-market falls are a reminder that DB transfers are not a one-way bet and that people are taking on a lot of investment risk.” 

However, there may be reasons other than the pandemic for the decline in DB-transfer numbers, as he suggests: “There was always going to be a rush for DB transfers due to the pension freedoms, but perhaps they have now had their day.

"It is also harder for people to get advice – advisers are pulling out of the market.”

Suspension of DB transfers

There is another significant reason why fewer scheme members are transferring their DB pension at the moment – in some cases the decision may be out of their hands. 

Given current circumstances, The Pensions Regulator has given trustees free rein to suspend transfer activity for three months. 

This has resulted in uncertainty around DB transfers and made it harder for people to instigate or complete a transfer.

As Fiona Tait, technical director at Intelligent Pensions observes: “If, as some people have suggested, the FCA’s covert objective is to bring a halt to DB transfers, then Covid-19 has most certainly done them a favour.

“Even before The Pension Regulator’s announcement of a voluntary three-month suspension,  people were already complaining about the requirement to take financial advice on funds valued at over £30,000 and the lack of advisers able and willing to recommend a transfer.

"The new rules mean that someone who has already found and paid for advice could find they are prevented from proceeding at the eleventh hour.

“With each scheme making its own decision it is also very difficult for advisers to predict when or if this might happen to their individual clients. The schemes we have spoken to so far are mostly saying the situation is ‘under review’”.

And schemes may have to make some tricky decisions around whether and when to suspend processing of transfer requests, as Ms. Tait adds: “There are several key points to consider and unfortunately, most of them are double-edged.”