Defined Benefit  

DB trustees to top up thousands of past transfers

DB trustees to top up thousands of past transfers

The trustees of defined benefit schemes will have to revisit pension transfers made in the past 30 years for individuals with contracted-out benefits, and provide a top-up if necessary.

In a judgment handed down today (November 20), the High Court ruled that the trustees committed a breach of duty if they did not equalise the member’s guaranteed minimum pension benefits at the time of calculating the cash equivalent transfer value.

Schemes which had contracting out benefits will need to revisit their past transfers dating back to 1990, with Mr Justice Morgan ruling there was no time limit for this exercise.

GMPs were created due to contracting out, which meant DB schemes could prevent their members tripling up on pension benefits by building up a basic state pension – state earnings-related pension scheme – and an earnings-related occupational pension. In exchange for giving up Serps, both employees and employers paid less in national insurance contributions.

But as a consequence of the different treatment of men and women in state pensions being ruled discriminatory under EU law, in October 2018 the High Court ruled that Lloyds Bank scheme trustees must also equalise benefits between women and men who have GMPs.

The ruling was considered a solution for a pension problem spanning almost three decades, and schemes are now having to decide how to equalise the contracted-out benefits of their members.

However, questions remained over past pension transfers, which although part of the original application to the court, were not ruled on by judges.

Lloyds trustees requested a second hearing in June 2019, which took place in May this year.

Samantha Brown, regional head of employment, pensions and incentives at Herbert Smith Freehills, said: “Once again, this ruling is likely to affect every DB scheme in the UK that provides GMPs accrued between May 17, 1990 and April 5, 1997.

“It means that trustees of such schemes are required to revisit CETVs paid to former members and make a top-up payment where a member has not been paid their full entitlement.”

She continued: “Trustees of affected schemes should already be taking steps to equalise the benefits of male and female members who are still in their scheme, following the ruling in the first judgment.

“These GMP equalisation projects will now need to be extended to include historic cash equivalent transfer payments.”

What do you think about the issues raised by this story? Email us on to let us know.