The client, who the Fos called Mr N, complained that Fairway Financial Consultancy “acted negligently” in transferring two of his existing pension plans into a self-invested personal pension which was then used to invest in a Harlequin overseas property development.
Mr N was introduced to the prospect of investing in Harlequin by a third-party introducer which wasn’t regulated by the Financial Services Authority - the regulator at that time.
Therefore, they approached Fairway to help a number of clients, including Mr N, establish a Sipp to invest in Harlequin properties using their pension funds.
In July 2011, the application for a Sipp was completed and the Sipp was set up in September.
Fairway was recorded as Mr N’s financial adviser and the agreed fee for processing the transaction was £1,000 - £500 for the advisory process and £500 for facilitating the transfer.
In September 2011, Fairway sent Mr N its suitability report which set out its position that Mr N should not transfer his pensions to the Sipp.
It said that Mr N should retain his defined benefit pension scheme as the critical yield was too high to make such a transfer feasible and also noted that Mr N was keen to retire early, which pushed the critical yield required to match the scheme benefits higher still.
In that suitability report, the firm also said: “I understand, however, that you will still want to proceed and we have provisions to take this forward on the basis of an insistent client, as these are your own funds and you are entitled to do what you wish with the pension, on the basis that you have received advice in this respect.”
It also said it could not provide advice on the Harlequin investments and said the transfer to a Sipp was “highly-speculative” and should only be considered for more sophisticated investors.
Alongside the suitability report, Fairway also included an attitude to risk questionnaire, which had been “enhanced” since its initial completion in July 2011.
Mr N answered a series of questions relating to his willingness to expose his pension funds to investment risk.
He said that his existing personal pension plan with Prudential and his deferred employee benefits could be considered high risk for a self-investment and that he accepted risk category “6” for these funds.