Workplace pension participation is stalling after reaching a rate of 88 per cent of eligible employees last year, according to new figures from the Department for Work and Pensions.
The statistics published on June 28 showed while the increase in participation since the advent of auto-enrolment in 2012 continues to level off, some communities sit far below the national average when it comes to being enrolled in a workplace pension.
A separate government study of employer pension provision revealed that over two-thirds of bosses are in favour of lowering the age at which people are automatically enrolled into a pension from 22 to 18, in line with a key conclusion of the DWP’s 2017 auto-enrolment review.
Twenty million eligible savers were enrolled in workplace pensions in 2021, representing a participation rate of 88 per cent, up from 55 per cent in 2012. “After years of growth in participation during the roll-out of automatic enrolment, participation rates have stabilised,” the report stated.
Participation falls from 88 per cent to 79 per cent when ineligible employees are included, however.
Savers stick with pensions despite pandemic
The coronavirus pandemic and its associated economic pressures did not appear to derail pensions participation. The percentage of those contributing at least 6.5 per cent of their earnings decreased slightly from 46.7 per cent in Q4 2019 to 2020, to 45.4 per cent in Q4 2021 to 2022.
The data also revealed differences in pension savings trends between the private and public sectors.
In the former, the average amount saved by eligible men fell slightly in 2021 compared to 2020, by £60. For women, this dropped by £100. In the latter, meanwhile, this dropped by £520 for men, compared to a decrease of £100 for women.
Female participation exceeded that of their male counterparts, however, at 91 per cent and 89 per cent respectively. Part-time female workers are significantly more likely to have workplace pensions than part-time men, at 86 per cent and 74 per cent respectively.
The DWP’s findings also revealed a participation rate of below 65 per cent for some eligible groups including micro employers, and around 66 per cent for Pakistani and Bangladeshi staff.
Interactive Investor head of pensions and savings Rebecca O’Connor said: “The tide of pension participation has been rising steadily into a glorious swell over the last ten years, thanks to auto-enrolment, but it hasn’t lifted all boats.
“Gaps in participation remain and must be a priority for policymakers so that the UK’s divided retirement outlook doesn’t persist. Everyone should have easy access to decent retirement savings options through work.
“The level of contributions also must increase, as while higher participation in pensions is the first door to unlock to better retirement outcomes, the second is to get more money going in.”
Quilter chartered financial planner David Gibb suggested the current economic backdrop may pose a challenge to increase the number of savers who are automatically enrolled into an occupational pension.
“The idea of abolishing the lower earnings limit completely could be a hard message during a cost of living crisis,” he said.