State Pension  

Triple lock ‘ticking time bomb’ as earnings grow 8.8%

Triple lock ‘ticking time bomb’ as earnings grow 8.8%

Pressure is piling on the chancellor to review the pensions triple lock as average earnings have jumped 8.8 per cent in the latest quarter.

According to data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) out this morning (August 17), growth in average total pay (including bonuses) was 8.8 per cent and regular pay (excluding bonuses) was 7.4 per cent in the three months to June 2021.

Wage growth was negative last year, but earnings have bounced backed sharply this year with the unwinding of the furlough scheme and the economic re-opening.  

The ONS stated: “Average pay growth rates have been affected upwards by a fall in the number and proportion of lower-paid jobs compared with before the coronavirus pandemic and by the base effects where the latest months are now compared with low base periods when earnings were first affected by the coronavirus pandemic.”

But there is now the question of whether earnings figures will increase further before the final reading is taken for the triple lock adjustment in September. 

Ian Browne, pensions expert at Quilter, said: “The fact that earnings growth has increased from 7.3 per cent in the three months to May to 8.8 per cent in the three months to June suggests the chancellor’s worst fears will become reality and he’ll either have to spend billions extra on the state pension next year and forever after, or make a political challenging decision to tweak the triple lock or scrap it entirely.”

Under current triple lock rules the state pension is increased by the highest of earnings growth, price inflation or 2.5 per cent a year.

If earnings growth remains at 8.8 per cent, Quilter pointed out the triple lock will increase the cost of the state pension by £8bn, £5.7bn more than if it increased by 2.5 per cent. 

According to analysis from Browne, weekly pensioner income would increase to the following:

 

2021/22

2022/23

Basic state pension

£137.60

£149.70

New state pension

£179.60

£195.40

*8.8 per cent, rounded to the nearest 5p based on full entitlement.

This cost is hard to justify when the government is looking to pay off its Covid debts.

Laith Khalaf, head of investment analysis at AJ Bell, said: “When earnings are rising at almost 9 per cent a year, we can safely say either the economy is overheating, or there’s a glitch in the ONS matrix. In today’s case, it’s the latter.

"The sheer magnitude of the spike in earnings suggests it’s a transitory statistical quirk, rather than a sustainable feature of the UK economy that will be with us for the long term.”

But this still puts the chancellor into a difficult situation on the triple lock, Khalaf said.

He added: “The conservative manifesto commits to maintaining the triple lock, but an 8 per cent rise in the state pension would raise questions of intergenerational fairness, as well as fiscal sustainability. That’s particularly the case given the statistical distortions caused in the headline earnings figures by the pandemic.