I am going to tell you a story of a woman who life insurance companies consider to be "an impaired life".
She is in her early thirties.Runs her own business. Has a husband, children and a mortgage. You can see plenty of protection needs being flagged there already. Let’s call her Margaret.
Strike 1: Doctors diagnosed Margaret with Hypermobility Syndrome at the age of 12, having suffered from years of unexplained pain, bone fractures, joint dislocations and sprains. The symptoms resulting from the condition are now less severe, but some insurers now class her illness as Ehlers Danlos Type 3. That is not good when it comes to arranging protection insurance.
Strike 2: In her early twenties Margaret became ill with anxiety. She suffered from generalised anxiety disorder with panic attacks, social withdrawal and a period of agoraphobia. Agoraphobia returned for a second time 10 years ago. Margaret has controlled her anxiety well for many years, but as anyone who has had anxiety will tell you, it never goes away for good.
Strike 3: Following the birth of her second child Margaret decided to work on her fitness. She took up running and joined Zumba classes. A positive outcome was that this helped with managing the anxiety, however on the negative side she found out her heart rate become too high when exercising. Following tests, doctors told her she has a form of tachycardia. In stressful situations her heart rate goes much higher than is “normal”. She also has elements of postural tachycardia syndrome, that on occasion can result in her becoming light-headed when standing which, in the past, has caused her to faint.
Strike 4: Margaret now faces a further problem with her thyroid after the birth of her third child. Initially, the tests results showed a borderline overactive thyroid, but doctors have now diagnosed an underactive thyroid and she’s started medication for the condition. This has caused her to experience sensitivity to the cold, hair loss, hot flushes and exhaustion.
On paper, Margaret seems to be a difficult client to arrange insurance for. Do you think insurers would decline her cover, increase her premiums or exclude her pre-existing conditions? And why?
- A case study looks at a woman with plenty of protection needs, being married with a mortgage and children
- The woman in question has lots of outstanding health issues, but who will step up to the plate?
- The insurance industry is likely to make her protection coverage more of a challenge, but need it be?
Margaret has undergone many tests for her heart, including an MRI scan, ultrasound, ECG and an exercise-induced monitor. The tests show she has a fast heart rate in stressful situations, but other than that her heart is perfectly fine. Her thyroid, anxiety and hyper-mobility have no bearing on her life expectancy. It is, however, possible that Margaret may face a higher premium than somebody without these conditions. Some insurers will decline her cover.
Who presents less risk though? Someone who has undergone tests to show a healthy heart, or somebody who has not seen a medical practitioner since childhood and is blissfully unaware of what lurks inside?